Have you ever wondered about the geography of Colombia, a place whose natural beauty has a reputation among travelers worldwide?
There is no doubt that one of the most impressive things about Colombia is its geography, as it makes possible the most varied climates, landscapes and wildlife species which adorn the country.
Some of the main determinants of Colombia geography are:
Actually, these determinants alltogether are the cocktail that makes Colombia a country with such variety and diversity.
Its population is not evenly distributed on the territory; due to the geography of Colombia, most of its people lives on the western and central side of the country, on the Andeans and coasts regions. East of the Andeans Mountains we find the Eastern Plains or "Orinoquia" and to the south-eastern side the "Amazonia", these zones are sparcely inhabited by farmers and indigenous groups.
Colombia's official name is the Republic of Colombia and its capital is Bogotá.
Our country is divided for administrative purposes into 32 regions, we call "departments" and a Capital District of Bogotá. Here is the list of the 32 regions and its capital cities.
As a traveler, it is important that you keep in mind or be well-informed about the Natural Regions of the country, as the climate, topography, and vegetation, changes from region to region, and of course the needs for different clothes and accesories to be confortable.
Colombia geography is often split into five Natural Regions; however, it is more accurate to talk about six, because it is necessary to take into account the so-called Insular Region (where you can find, for example, the island of San Andrés).
So, the Natural Regions of Colombia are:
As there is no doubt that our country is immensely rich in natural resources, it is worth saying that this wealth is due to a combination of elements that shape the geography of Colombia... from the wonderful hydrography of the country to the variety of climates provided by the Thermal Floors or "Pisos térmicos" and the country's location at the Earth's equatorial zone.
Besides being a country with high annual rainfall, Colombia has one of the most wonderful and generous hydrographies in the planet.
There are four major watersheds (Pacific, Caribbean, Orinoco and Amazon) sculpted by the relief, which feed the reservoirs, streams, lakes and rivers of the country. There is a fifth watershed, Catatumbo, which is smaller than the others, but still relevant to mention.